Raw Materials

Raw Materials

Steel Manufacturing Business

The key raw materials required to produce steel include iron ore fines and lumps and coking coal. Company has its captive iron ore mines at Vijay-II near Barajamda, Jharkhand. Coking coal and non-coking coal are procured from indigenous as well as foreign sources. Certain other kinds of coal such as anthracite coal and thermal coal (for the sponge iron plant) are procured locally. Thermal coal required for power plants is purchased either through e-auction or from domestic coal traders. The essential materials which are used in the steel manufacturing process like dolomite, pyroxenite, anthracite coal, burnt lime, calcined lime fines, etc. are purchased from various domestic suppliers.

Sponge Iron Business

The key raw materials to produce sponge iron are iron ore, non-coking coal and dolomite. Sponge iron manufacturing is highly sensitive to raw material characteristics that would help obtain the rated capacity and the desired product quality. To ascertain the suitability of our raw materials in a rotary kiln, Company has established a modern quality assurance facility that is responsible for conducting various tests in respect of the chemical and physical properties of our raw materials.

Iron Ore:

The plant being in the proximity of country iron ore sources, the entire iron ore is sourced from Tata Steel’s iron ore mines. In cases of exigency, there are several othere iron ore mines in the vicinity which supplies quality iron ore at competitive prices.


To enhance productivity at an optimal cost, improve product quality and kiln campaign life, company sources its majority requirement from South Africa, besides sourcing a specified quality from Eastern India.


Dolomite acts as a de-sulphuriser to remove sulphur from the feed mix during the reduction process. Control of sulphur content is an essential pre-requisite for the manufacture of good quality steel. The entire requirement of dolomite from the dolomite quarries in Bhutan and Chattisgarh.